Indian Transplant Newsletter Vol. 9 Issue NO.: 28 (Oct 2009 - Feb 2010)

Tamil Nadu Health Department Government Orders on Organ Donation and Transplantation – Summary


Taking cognizance of the fact that there are a number of brain deaths in the state of Tamil Nadu, which either go unrecognized or undeclared, resulting in lost opportunities for organ donation, the Govt. Of Tamil Nadu has passed seven Government Orders (GOs) to streamline the process. This will enhance the organ donation rate in the state and give a new lease of life to thousands of patients with organ failure. We carry some of the salient features of each of the GOs in this issue.

 

BRAIN DEATH DECLARATION

G.O. No. 6. dated 08.01.2008 Declaration of brain death made mandatory in Government Medical College Hospitals in Chennai - Government General Hospital, Government Stanley Hospital, and Government Kilpauk Medical College Hospital (inclusive of Government Royapettah Hospital).

 

PROCEDURE FOR DECLARATION OF BRAIN DEATH

 

G.O. No. 75 dated 03.03.2008

Form 8 of the THO Act to be utilised

Two medical exams with minimum interval of six hours.

Team of four doctors to certify brain death

a) Doctor No.1

RMP in charge of hospital – Head of Institution, RMO, ARMO, Duty RMO.

b) Doctor No. 2

RMP (Physicians, Surgeons or Intensivists) from panel approved by Appropriate Authority - panel of names shall be sent by the Dean/Medical Superintendent/Medical Director to the Appropriate Authority namely the Director of Medical and Rural Health Services.

 

Each hospital may determine its own procedure for this duty.

c) Doctor No.3

Neurologist/Neurosurgeon from panel approved by the Appropriate Authority

d) Doctor No.4

R.M.P. treating the patient.

The 1st and 2nd Medical examination to be conducted by category 2 and 3 doctors.

Same procedure applicable to private hospitals

The Director of Medical Education and the Director of Medical and Rural HealthServices to periodically organise awareness workshops

 

AUTHORISATION COMMITTEE - ADDITIONAL RESPONSIBILITIES

G.O. No. 175 dated 6.6.2008

 

Living unrelated organ donation – screening of donors – onus rests with Authorisation Committee.

 

Recommend to the Appropriate Authority to file a criminal case when false records are submitted by donor or prospective recipient

 

Permitted to refer doubtful cases to the police or revenue department for further enquiry.

All sittings to be videographed.

 

Permit a change in the hospital chosen by the recipient for transplant surgery.

 

Clearances and rejections to be uploaded on the website on the same day on which sitting is held

 

Give recognition (certification) to counseling institutes in the State to provide additional counseling support to live donors.

 

Process any form of paired donor exchange between near relatives to ensure that the arrangement is genuine.

 

PROCEDURE TO BE ADOPTED FOR CADAVER TRANSPLANT BY THE GOVERNMENT AND PRIVATE HOSPITALS APPROVED FOR ORGAN TRANSPLANT BY THE APPROPRIATE AUTHORITY

 

G.O.No.287 dated 05.09.2008

1. Hospitals to upload waiting list of prospective cadaver organ recipients through an online form to a computer database

2. Maintained by the Transplant Coordinator of the Government General Hospital,Chennai. (Convenor, Cadaver Transplant Program, Tamil Nadu)

3. NGOs to assist in maintaining database

4. Database will maintain prioritization lists for

(i) each hospital

(ii) for all Government hospitals Combined

(iii) for all private hospitals combined

(iv) for Government plus private hospitals combined Each hospital will have its own waiting list for each organ, which will include the date of registration.

 

An individual can be registered through only one hospital at a given time. Original date of registration will continue to apply even with hospital change

 

5. Organs will be shared in the following manner:

(i) A multi-organ recipient takes precedence over all others on the regular waiting list.

(ii) Potential liver recipients

(a) URGENT

-Hepatic Artery Thrombosis following a liver transplant.

-Primary Non function of a graft

-Fulminant hepatic failure.

These conditions do not require a waiting time on the list.

(b) STANDARD

-Patients on the standard list have to be registered for more than 24 hours to be listed in this category.

The Liver is to be allotted to participating hospitals in turn.

Note: Patients on the urgent list supersede the standard list and the hospital misses its regular turn on the rota.

(iii) Potential heart recipients

(a) URGENT:

- Patients with Left Ventricular Assist Device (LVAD).

- Followed by patients with Intraaortic Balloon Pump

(IABP)

(b) STANDARD: Sick, but stable patients waiting at home for a heart transplant.

A Heart is to be allotted to participating hospitals in turn.

(iv) Likewise for lungs, prioritization would be made according to the urgency of transplant and allotted to participating hospitals in turn.

(v) For kidneys no out of turn allocation would be permitted and the sharing criteria in the following para shall be followed.

6. Sharing of Organs for waitlisted recipients, retrieved from cadaver donors in Government Institutions:

(i) First priority to the list of the Government Hospital where the deceased donor is located, for liver, heart and one kidney. The other kidney would be allocated to the general pool in the priority sequence as listed below.

(ii) Combined Government Hospitals list

(iii) Combined Private Hospitals list

(iv) Government Hospitals outside the State(in order to maximize organ utilization)

(v) Private Hospitals outside the State

(vi) Foreign national registered in a Government or Private hospital within and then outside state.

7. Sharing of Organs for waitlisted recipients retrieved from cadaver donors in Private Hospitals, which are transplant centers.

(i) First priority to the list within the Private Hospital where the deceased donor is located, for liver, heart and one kidney. The other kidney would be allocated to the general pool in the priority sequence as listed below.

(ii) combined list of Government and Private Hospitals.

(iii) Government / private hospitals outside the state

(iv) Foreign national registered in Government or private hospital within and then outside the state

8. Whenever a deceased donor becomes available in a hospital, the concerned hospital shall contact the Transplant Coordinator or a member of his team at the Government General Hospital, Chennai who will then make allocations based on the above. MOHAN Foundation and National Network for Organ Sharing, (NNOS), NGOs promoting organ transplantation may assist the Transplant Coordinator.

9. Advisory committee will work on

(i) establishing formats and procedures for recipient listing, organ allocation and transfer

(ii) coordination between hospitals where donor / recipient are located

(iii) Forming a coordinating body that would be institutionalized and finetuning identification criteria to determine the beneficiaries-

(iv) Proposing policy initiatives from time to time.

(v) Monitor working of the cadaver organ transplantation program,

10. Advisory committee shall be headed by the Secretary, Health or his nominee as Chairman and the committee shall consist of

(i) Secretary, Health or his nominee- Chairman

(ii) Convenor, Cadaver Organ Transplant Program,Tamil Nadu

(i.e Transplant Co-ordinator, Government General Hospital, Chennai.)

(iii) Director of Medical Education or representative

(iv) Director of Medical and Rural Health Services or representative

(v) Transplant team member, Government Stanley Hospital, Chennai

(vi) Transplant team member, Kilpauk Medical College Hospital,Chennai.

(vii) Transplant team member, Government General Hospital. Chennai. of his team at the Government General Hospital, Chennai who will then make allocations based on the above. MOHAN Foundation and National Network for Organ Sharing, (NNOS), NGOs promoting organ transplantation may assist the Transplant Coordinator.

9. Advisory committee will work on

(i) establishing formats and procedures for recipient listing, organ allocation and transfer

(ii) coordination between hospitals where donor / recipient are located

(iii) Forming a coordinating body that would be institutionalized and finetuning identification criteria to determine the beneficiaries-

(iv) Proposing policy initiatives from time to time.

(v) Monitor working of the cadaver organ transplantation program,

10. Advisory committee shall be headed by the Secretary, Health or his nominee as Chairman and the committee shall consist of:

(i) Secretary, Health or his nominee- Chairman

(ii) Convenor, Cadaver Organ Transplant Program,Tamil Nadu (i.e Transplant Co-ordinator, Government General Hospital,Chennai.)

(iii) Director of Medical Education or representative

(iv) Director of Medical and Rural Health Services or representative

(v) Transplant team member, Government Stanley Hospital, Chennai

(vi) Transplant team member, Kilpauk Medical College Hospital,Chennai.

(vii) Transplant team member, Government General Hospital. Chennai.

(viii) One senior police officer of DIG rank or above as nominated by the Director General of Police, Chennai.

( i x ) Memb e r f r om MOHAN Foundation, Chennai.

(x) Member from National Network for Organ Sharing, (NNOS)Chennai.

(xi) One transplant team member from three different hospitals that currently have largest cadaver donation experience.

 

RESPONSIBILITIES OF TRANSPLANT CENTRE HOSPITALS

G.O.No.288 dated 05.09.2008

Transplant surgery records for a minimum period of ten years.

Availability of a counseling department with trained personnel. Assist in preand post-operative counseling.

Designate in-house person as Transplant coordinator. Coordinates matters relating to organ transplant on behalf of the hospital. Media publicity not to be sought earlier than the date of discharge of recipients.

 

Positive aspects of organ donation may be highlighted to promote the cause of organ donation. Details of the recipient and ethics of the medical profession not to be compromised. Approximate cost of a transplant surgery to be displayed on website of hospital and the website designated for thi s purpose by the Heal the Department.

 

NON-TRANSPLANT CENTRES - CRITERIA FOR NON-TRANSPLANT CENTRES TO RETRIEVE ORGANS FROM BRAIN DEAD PERSONS

G.O. NO.289 DATED:05.09.2008

(This G.O. is in the process of having further details added to make it more effective)

 

C O N V E N O R , C A D A V E R TRANSPLANT PROGRAMME, TAMIL NADU

G.O. NO.296 DATED: 16.09.2008

 

Convenor - Dr.J.Amalorpavanathan,

Reader in Vascular Surgery, Madras Medical College and Vascular Surgeon, Government General Hospital, Chennai

 

Central responsibility for coordinating all activities relating to cadaver transplant programme in the state

Design and maintain a computerized waitlist of all potential organ recipients f rom par t icipat ing hospi tal s . Responsible for organ allocation as per guidelines

 

Seek status reports from all the participating hospitals on brain death occurrences and on transplant activities during each month and their outcomes. Send consolidated report to Government. Report violations to Advisory Committee and forward their recommendations to the Government

 

Convene meeting of the Advisory Committee once in two months or as needed. Coordinate with Advisory Committee on awareness generation, knowledge development and motivation programmes


How to cite this article:
- Shroff S, Navin S. Tamil Nadu Health Department Government Orders on Organ Donation and Transplantation – Summary. Indian Transplant Newsletter Vol. 9 Issue NO.: 28 (Oct 2009 - Feb 2010)

How to cite this URL:
- Shroff S, Navin S. Tamil Nadu Health Department Government Orders on Organ Donation and Transplantation – Summary. Indian Transplant Newsletter Vol. 9 Issue NO.: 28 (Oct 2009 - Feb 2010). Available at:
https://www.itnnews.co.in/indian-transplant-newsletter/issue28/Tamil-Nadu-Govt-Orders-292.htm

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  • Keywords: TN, Government orders, Organ Donation,Transplantation