Indian Transplant Newsletter.Vol. 15 Issue No.: 46 (Nov 2015–Feb 2016)

Editorial Desk - Tier Two Cities – ‘New Kid on the Block’ in the Deceased Donation Transplantation Programme as it Reaches New Heights in India


The deceased donation programme in India in 2015 achieved an organ donation rate (ODR) of 0.5 per million population (pmp) [Table 1]. This is almost three times the rate in the year 2012. At this pace we should soon reach an ODR of 1 per million population. 


Table 1 : Deceased Organ Donation Statistics - 2015

 State

No. of

Donors

*ODR

(PMP)

Kidney

Liver

Heart

Lung

Pancreas

Intestine

Hand

Larynx

Total Organs

Tamil Nadu

155

2.1

290

149

51

28

0

1

0

0

519

Kerala

76

2.3

132

61

14

2

1

1

4

1

216

Maharashtra

60

0.5

106

51

5

0

0

0

0

0

222

Telangana & Andhra Pradesh

 

98

 

1.2

 

168

 

99

 

19

 

7

 

0

 

0

0

 

0

 

391

Karnataka

60

1.0

91

55

11

0

1

0

0

0

158

Gujarat

45

0.7

77

45

0

0

0

0

0

0

167

Madya Pradesh

3

 

6

2

1

0

0

0

0

0

9

Uttar Pradesh

4

 

8

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

8

Delhi-NCR

14

 

28

14

6

0

0

0

0

0

48

Puducherry

9

7.2

18

2

1

0

0

0

0

0

30

Chandigarh

39

37.0

69

25

1

0

2

0

0

0

97

Rajasthan

7

0.1

14

7

1

0

0

0

0

0

22

Total

570

*0.5

1007

510

110

37

4

2

4

1

1675

Note

• The data projected in the above table is only provisional.

• The data for Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh and Delhi-NCR do not reflect all the deceased donationsdone in the region.

 

If one were to look at the individual organs per million population, it is as follows for deceased donation [Table 2].

   Table 2: Brain Death & Organs Donated – 2015 

Organ 

No. of Organs Donated 

Donation  rate per million population 

Kidney 

1007 

0.83 

Liver 

510 

0.42 

Heart 

110 

0.09 

Lung

37

0.03

 

 

 

 

 

Why is this trend healthy?

So far most of the deceased donations were coming from Tier-one cities with a few exceptions, but in the last two to three years, we have started seeing frequent donations from cities such as Puducherry, Trichy, Madurai, Thanjavur, Pune, Aurangabad, Nashik, Nagpur, Mangalore, Thiruvananthapuram, Kochi, Calicut, Indore, Jaipur, Surat, Vijayawada, and so on. These have certainly added to the overall growth of the programme so much so that heart and livers have been flown out of Indore, Aurangabad, Kochi and other cities when there are no local hospitals or patients available for such transplantation. The theme has always been not to ‘waste precious organs’ when they can save lives. What is important is to develop multi organ transplantation in some of these cities. Currently most of these  transplants seem to largely benefit patients from the private sector. What is important is for the Govt. to urgently consider having a private-public model in these tier-two cities so that patients from public sector hospitals too can get benefits. These transplants should be done at a subsidised cost by private hospitals or on par without consideration of any profits.

 

Table 2 : Brain Death & Organs Donated – 2015

Organ

No. of Organs Donated

Donation  rate per million population

Kidney

1007

0.83

Liver

510

0.42

Heart

110

0.09

Lung

37

0.03


How to cite this article:
- Dr. Sumana Navin, Dr. Sunil Shroff. Editorial Desk - Tier Two Cities – ‘New Kid on the Block’ in the Deceased Donation Transplantation Programme as it Reaches New Heights in India. Indian Transplant Newsletter.Vol. 15 Issue No.: 46 (Nov 2015–Feb 2016)

How to cite this URL:
- Dr. Sumana Navin, Dr. Sunil Shroff. Editorial Desk - Tier Two Cities – ‘New Kid on the Block’ in the Deceased Donation Transplantation Programme as it Reaches New Heights in India. Indian Transplant Newsletter.Vol. 15 Issue No.: 46 (Nov 2015–Feb 2016); Available at :
https://www.itnnews.co.in/indian-transplant-newsletter/issue46/Tier-Two-Cities-New-Kid-on-the-Block-in-the-Deceased-Donation-Transplantation-Programme-as-it-Reaches-New-Heights-in-India-424.htm

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  • Keywords: Tier Two Cities, New Kid on the Block, Deceased Donation, Transplantation Programme